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Eye Diseases and Disorders Terminologies

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Commonly called “lazy eye,” amblyopia can be treated successfully if detected early enough in childhood.


Cataracts are a common cause of vision loss after age 55. Learn more about recognizing cataracts symptoms, protecting your eyes, and understanding cataract surgery.

Diabetes and Eyesight

How does diabetes affect vision? What does diabetes mean for eyesight? Learn more about eye conditions resulting from diabetes, such as diabetic retinopathy a leading contributor to vision loss for adults in America.

Dry Eye Syndrome

An eye condition that can present itself as itching, burning, gritty feeling, and/or irritation of the eyes. It is usually caused by the breakdown, or a deficiency, in the tears which lubricate the eyes.

Eye Allergies

Are you bothered by red, itchy eyes? If so, you may have allergies.

Eye Floaters and Flashes

A few floaters are usually normal and harmless, but if you notice a sudden increase in floaters or flashes of light in your vision then see your eye doctor immediately.


Early detection is key. Knowing the early symptoms of glaucoma, could go a long way toward preventing and treating this common eye disease.


This eye disease causes the cornea to grow thinner and bulge forward in an irregular cone shape. Treatment options range from rigid gas permeable contact lenses to a corneal transplant.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is an eye disease that affects the portion of the eye responsible for processing fine detail and providing sharp central vision.

Pinguecula & Pterygium

A pinguecula and a pterygium are funny looking words for growths on the surface of your eye.

"Pink Eye" (Conjunctivitis)

This acute and contagious form of conjunctivitis is particularly common among preschoolers and school age children.

Retinal Detachment

A detached retina is a medical emergency. Learn the warning signs of a retinal detachment and what you can do to hopefully avoid permanent vision loss.


This common condition is simply an infected eyelid gland. Learn how to prevent and treat styes.

Eye Conditions:

Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Myopia, also called nearsightedness, is a very common vision condition affecting up to 33% of the U.S. population.

Farsightedness (Hyperopia)

Hyperopia, also called farsightedness, is a common vision condition that can cause headaches, eyestrain, or trouble seeing during near vision tasks.


This common vision condition can be corrected with eyeglasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery.


Over the age of 40 our eyes start to have difficulty focusing up close.